Deals with bone, muscle and joint surgery.
Orthopaedic surgery is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of injuries and diseases of the body's musculoskeletal system. This encompasses disorders of bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments.
Orthopaedic surgeons set broken bones using either manipulation or the implantation of stainless steel or titanium fixation device. They treat and reduce dislocated joints and manage them further using either splints or surgery to avoid recurrent dislocation, especially in athletes. Slipped disks and other back problems are diagnosed using clinical examination and special investigations such as a MRI scan, management will be implemented (surgical or conservative) and then rehabilitated. The Orthopaedic surgeon will surgically repair or replace joints which are damaged through arthritis or trauma (especially hip and knee joints). They also diagnose and manage a multitude of different bone tumors either originating in the bone or metastatic from another cancer. Skeletal birth defects, which may result in foot, hip or spine deformities are identified early and treated to avoid future long term complications.
Sports associated ligament injuries (especially the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee) and muscular injuries are treated appropriately and reconstructed or replaced if necessary.